What is the Best Bevel Angle For a Chisel?
Bench and Paring Chisels
Most woodworkers have one or two types of chisels: bench and paring. It may surprise you to learn that many of them know more than just these two categories. These are really the basics and these are what I would consider the top two basics for most woodworkers.
The first, bench chisels are used in both the craftsmen and in the wood shops. Bench chisels are often times used to sharpen and shape wood. A bench chisel is designed to be flexible and lightweight. For woodwork the bench chisel is also used as a tool for sawing thin stock. For the second type of chisel, paring chisels, the primary use is for wood working.
For cutting out small pieces of wood, a paring chisel is the choice of most woodworkers. A paring chisel is designed to be very versatile and can cut through all types of wood. A paring chisel is not intended to be used for very large projects or for intricate jobs.
Even, though the only time most woodworkers will ever use a bench chisel is when they are cutting out a piece of wood, they still call it a bench chisel. If you watch a home or crafts demonstration on how to sharpen a chisel and even see someone using a chisel, you will notice that they will use a bench chisel to do the job. Most bench chisels are not wide enough to take a large piece of wood such as a garden table but if you do have a larger project that requires a larger blade then the bench chisel is for you.
Now you may be asking yourself, “Why do I need to have so many different chisels?” A good question and the reason is because chisels come in all sizes. There are even different types of chisels designed for very specific projects such as stacking and sewing projects. For example, if you have a pair of cabinet rails to fit in the corner of a room and need to mount something to hold them in place, you would use a small chisel to take out the first rail and a larger chisel to attach the second rail. And for benches, there are many different types of benches to choose from like a laminate or a woodworker’s bench.
If you are a woodworker, you should know that what chisels you need depends on the project. For a bench, a bench chisel is the most common and essential tool. You may have a need for a wide chisel if you are doing woodworking as a hobby or you might have to do some fine detailed work. However, a bench chisel is not really meant for large projects. So, if you have a plan for a bench you will want to get a wide chisel.
Chisels are made to be very easy to use and to do many things that will make you much better at woodworking. For example, with a bench chisel you will be able to do simple repairs and finish jobs. However, if you want to learn the more complicated things that will improve your skills, you will need to find a paring chisel.
There are other tools to think about that are similar to this but are more complex and may also need a number of parts and more maintenance than the two main types of chisels. Once you decide what you need a chisel for, you will then be able to find the right one for you. Just like buying an armoire for a bedroom is different than buying one for a kitchen, so is buying a chisel for woodworking.