Types of Wood Finishing
Types of Wood Finishing
It is common knowledge that wood finishing can be difficult. You have probably heard of some of the finishes used to achieve a beautiful, solid look. The best wood finishes are often referred to as varnishes. So, what are the different types of wood finishes?
First, there is the type of finish which contains a chemical called hardener. Hardeners usually include polyurethane, urethane, or vinyl. The idea behind the hardener is to add a certain amount of toughness to the surface of the wood. With this quality added, the hardener will help protect the wood from outdoor elements and mildew.
Another basic kind of wood finishing is called paint. Paint is also commonly known as varnish and is made of a thick resin and colorant. In addition to protecting the wood from paint and stains, it can also add some color. Other paints include the following: oil-based, latex, and acrylic.
Oil-based varnish has a high viscosity and tends to bond very well with the wood. It gives the effect of a final coating but without the “last coat” feeling. If you use oil-based varnish for finishing your furniture, there is the possibility of an oil paint clogging up. Also, many oil-based varnishes dry very quickly so you need to be able to reapply it if it gets thin.
Oil-based varnishes are generally used for interior applications and are applied using either a wood-picker or a brush. If you are doing an exterior application, you should use a good sprayer for an even application. When choosing a wood finish, it is important to consider the climate in which you live and the amount of traffic.
Wood finishes that contain urethane can help with cracking and peeling. This kind of wood finish is created using a urethane emulsified with urethane wax. Some examples of urethane varnishes include Sunbrella, Scotchgard, and Vanaten. Urethane products require care when being handled as they can cause allergic reactions in some people. It is also recommended that you use a wood protector on urethane products to avoid the risk of water damage.
Uvinul is the latest finish and is considered by many to be the best type of wood finishing to use. For one thing, vinyl is a two-part product consisting of a resinous toluene resin and a penetrating urethane. The vinyl acts as a lubricant for the finish and makes it much easier to work with. If you want a very durable finish that will not crack or peel, vinyl is the way to go.
For those who want the benefits of hardness and toughness without the additional maintenance of hardener, urethane is the product for you. It contains urethane polymers that are similar to those found in car products. If you have your heart set on urethane, however, remember that urethane dries very quickly and is not good for interior applications.